California’s recently voted to approve the Adult Use of Marijuana Act on November 8, 2016, or Proposition 64.   This de-criminalized many marijuana offenses, including recreational use of certain amounts marijuana.

2351. Offering to Sell, Furnish, etc., Marijuana

The defendant is charged [in Count ______] with offering to (sell/ furnish/ administer/import) marijuana, a controlled substance.

To prove that the defendant is guilty of this crime, the People must prove that:

  1. The defendant offered to (sell/furnish/administer/import into California) marijuana, a controlled substance;

AND

  1. When the defendant made the offer, (he/she) intended to (sell/furnish/administer/import) the controlled substance.
[Selling for the purpose of this instruction means exchanging marijuana for money, services, or anything of value.][A person administers a substance if he or she applies it directly to the body of another person by injection, or by any other means, or causes the other person to inhale, ingest, or otherwise consume the substance.][Marijuana means all or part of the Cannabis sativa L. plant, whether growing or not, including the seeds and resin extracted from any part of the plant. [It also includes every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant, its seeds, or resin.] [It does not include the mature stalks of the plant; fiber produced from the stalks; oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant; any other compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the mature stalks (except the resin extracted therefrom), fiber, oil, or cake; or the sterilized seed of the plant, which is incapable of germination.]][The People do not need to prove that the defendant actually possessed the marijuana.]

2352. Possession for Sale of Marijuana

The defendant is charged [in Count ______] with possessing for sale marijuana, a controlled substance.

To prove that the defendant is guilty of this crime, the People must prove that:

  1. The defendant possessed a controlled substance;
  2. The defendant knew of its presence;
  3. The defendant knew of the substance’s nature or character as a controlled substance;
  4. When the defendant possessed the controlled substance, (he/she) intended to sell it;
  5. The controlled substance was marijuana;

AND

  1. The controlled substance was in a usable amount.

Selling for the purpose of this instruction means exchanging the marijuana for money, services, or anything of value.

usable amount is a quantity that is enough to be used by someone as a controlled substance. Useless traces [or debris] are not usable amounts. On the other hand, a usable amount does not have to be enough, in either amount or strength, to affect the user.

[Marijuana means all or part of the Cannabis sativa L. plant, whether growing or not, including the seeds and resin extracted from any part of the plant. [It also includes every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant, its seeds, or resin.] [It does not include the mature stalks of the plant; fiber produced from the stalks; oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant; any other compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the mature stalks (except the resin extracted there from), fiber, oil, or cake; or the sterilized seed of the plant, which is incapable of germination.]][The People do not need to prove that the defendant knew which specific controlled substance (he/she) possessed, only that (he/she) was aware of the substance’s presence and that it was a controlled substance.][Two or more people may possess something at the same time.][A person does not have to actually hold or touch something to possess it. It is enough if the person has (control over it/ [or] the right to control it), either personally or through another person.][Agreeing to buy a controlled substance does not, by itself, mean that a person has control over that substance.]

2370. Planting, etc., Marijuana

The defendant is charged [in Count ______] with [unlawfully] (planting[,] [or]/ cultivating[,] [or]/ harvesting[,] [or]/ drying[,] [or]/ processing) marijuana, a controlled substance.

To prove that the defendant is guilty of this crime, the People must prove that:

  1. The defendant [unlawfully] (planted[,] [or]/ cultivated[,] [or]/ harvested[,] [or]/ dried[,] [or]/ processed) one or more marijuana plants;

AND

  1. The defendant knew that the substance (he/she) (planted[,] [or]/ cultivated[,] [or]/ harvested[,] [or]/ dried[,] [or]/ processed) was marijuana.
[Marijuana means all or part of the Cannabis sativa L. plant, whether growing or not, including the seeds and resin extracted from any part of the plant. [It also includes every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant, its seeds, or resin.] [It does not include the mature stalks of the plant; fiber produced from the stalks; oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant; any other compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the mature stalks (except the resin extracted therefrom), fiber, oil, or cake; or the sterilized seed of the plant, which is incapable of germination.]]

<Defense: Compassionate Use>

[Possession or cultivation of marijuana is not unlawful if authorized by the Compassionate Use Act. The Compassionate Use Act allows a person to possess or cultivate marijuana for personal medical purposes[, or as the primary caregiver of a patient with a medical need,] when a physician has recommended [or approved] such use. The amount of marijuana possessed or cultivated must be reasonably related to the patient’s current medical needs. The People have the burden of proving beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant was not authorized to possess or cultivate marijuana for medical purposes. If the People have not met this burden, you must find the defendant not guilty of this charge.

 

[A primary caregiver is someone who has consistently assumed responsibility for the housing, health, or safety of a patient who may legally possess or cultivate marijuana.]]